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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

    Jan 25, 2021  
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Calendar 
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Calendar [ARCHIVED CALENDAR]

Biology minor

General requirements 

A student must take a minimum of 18 credit hours in courses with the designation BIOL, of which at least three credit hours must be taken as science electives (i.e. not be required by the major program) and at least six must be at the 3000- or 4000-level. If all the courses in a minor group are required by the major program, one additional course in the minor subject must be taken to satisfy the elective rule above. A cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 in the minor subject courses is required to successfully complete a minor program.

Suggested course groups for minors in Biology follow; students may choose to follow these course groups, or develop other course groups in consultation with the Faculty of Science academic advisor.

One of the following groups (themes indicated in bold):


Other course groups may be developed in consultation with the science academic advisor, subject to the general rules above.