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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

    Sep 30, 2020  
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Calendar 
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Calendar [ARCHIVED CALENDAR]

Biological Science – Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specialization

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General information

As students proceed through the Biological Science program, they will obtain a background in cell biology, genetics and molecular biology, physiology, biochemistry and developmental biology. Senior level courses such as Bioethics, Neuroscience, Functional Genomics and Proteomics, along with access to modern laboratories, computational tools, sophisticated equipment and state-of-the-art facilities will enable advanced research work and skills training in industry best practice and in research.

The Biological Science program offers specializations in Life Science, Environmental Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, as well as an unspecialized Biology degree (Complementary Studies).

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specialization

Biotechnology is a rapidly growing area with many applications in health, agriculture and industry. The Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specialization combines a primary emphasis on both biology and chemistry. Students gain a strong understanding of cell and molecular biology, microbiology, immunology, biochemistry and physiology. Students in this specialization also benefit from enhanced laboratory experience.

In addition to the regular program, a co-op program is also available. Students in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology interested in the co-op program , should contact the Faculty of Science Co-op Coordinator as early as the fall of their second year.

Admission requirements

Admission is competitive. The specific average or standing required for admission varies from year to year. Students are selected by taking into consideration a wide range of criteria including school marks, distribution of subjects taken, and performance in subjects relevant to the academic program. Possession of the minimum requirements does not guarantee acceptance. Preference will be given to applicants with the best qualifications.

Current Ontario secondary school students must complete the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with six 4U or 4M credits including English (ENG4U), Advanced Functions (MHF4U), and two of Biology (SBI4U), Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U), Chemistry (SCH4U), or Physics (SPH4U). In addition, a combined minimum 70 per cent average in math and science courses is required. It is recommended that all four MCV4U, SBI4U, SCH4U and SPH4U be taken. All other applicants should refer to admissions  for the requirements for their specific category of admission.

Program details and degree requirements

Although reasonable efforts will be made to adhere to the following program map, course requirements and term offerings may change.

Year 1

Semester 2 (15 credit hours)

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4


No more than 42 credit hours may be taken at the first-year level.

*Electives and breadth requirements

All students must complete 24 elective credit hours. Students not accepted to take BIOL 4410U  and BIOL 4420U  must take an additional two senior biology electives for a total of 30 elective credit hours. A senior biology elective is defined as any 4000-level biology course not specified in the course map. At least 12 elective credit hours must be in courses offered by the Faculty of Science; the additional two senior biology electives required for students who are not enrolled in thesis cannot be used to meet this requirement. In order to satisfy breadth requirements, no more than 9 elective credit hours may be in biology (BIOL) courses; at least 12 elective credit hours must be in courses outside the Faculty of Science.

**Thesis Project or Senior Biology elective courses

Students in clear academic standing who have completed 90 credit hours of their BIOL program and six third-year required courses may optionally apply to take a two-course sequence consisting of BIOL 4410U – Biology Thesis Project I  and BIOL 4420U – Biology Thesis Project II . Students not accepted to take the thesis courses must complete two additional senior biology electives instead. A senior biology elective is defined as any 4000-level biology course not specified in the course map. A student meeting the above requirements who does not take BIOL 4410U  and BIOL 4420U  may optionally apply to take BIOL 4430U – Directed Studies in Biology  as one of the required senior biology electives. Opportunities for the Thesis Project and Directed Studies options are limited; for either of these options, students must apply through Science Advising by March 30 following completion of the first three years of the program.

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